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Trudo Vertical Forest

Trudo Vertical Forest



Stefano Boeri Architetti, Inbo (local architect), Structural enTielemans (Structural Engineering), Ten Hooven (MEP), Dupre (Landscape contractor)


Eindhoven, Netherlands


2017 - 2021


Sint Trudo


Residential, Social Housing


Concept design


Stefano Boeri Architetti:
Founding partner: Stefano Boeri
Partner in charge: Francesca Cesa Bianchi
Project leader: Paolo Russo
Team: Giulia Chiatante, Lorenzo Masotto, Elisa Versari
Facades landscape design: Studio Laura Gatti
Local and Executive Architect: Inbo
Renders: The Big Picture

General contractor:
Stam + De Koning

After the pilot case in Milan quickly became one of the city’s internationally recognized symbols, in 2017 Stefano Boeri Architetti’s vision for a new form of architectural biodiversity was extended to include a new building in addition to those currently under development and construction in Lausanne, Nanjing, Paris, Tirana, Shanghai, Utrecht as well as the Liuzhou Forest City. Designed for Eindhoven and christened the Trudo Vertical Forest, the latest example of the great urban forest project saw the Vertical Forest model applied to social housing for the first time. The Dutch intervention is thus an exploration of a brand new strategic, operational and design condition that is also an answer to a potential limit imposed by this type of architecture, namely that hitherto it has been exclusively applied to high-end residential projects. Intended therefore to accommodate predominantly low-income users and especially young couples, the 19 floors of the Eindhoven tower will be home to a number of apartments with affordable rents but with a high quality of life, thanks to the presence on every balcony of hundreds of trees and plants from a vast range of species.


The complex vision activated by the Milan Vertical Forest – the “inhabitable” coexistence between humans and other species such as trees, but also birds and insects – is widened in the context of the Trudo Vertical Forest project to meet a double challenge in which the Eindhoven social housing tower establishes the possibility of combating both climate change and resolving the problem of housing through interpreting the idea of urban forestation not only as a necessity in order to improve the environments in cities around the world, but also a great opportunity to improve the living conditions of poorer citizens.

 Sint-Trudo, the Dutch client, was immensely keen on the building designed by Stefano Boeri Architetti which will be developed to provide 125 units intended for social housing and able to define new standards for the sector. Each apartment will be small in size (less than 50 square metres) and designed according to the type of user for which it is intended yet will still have the spatial extension offered by terraces of more than 4 square metres and the natural micro-environment created by the presence on each balcony of 1 tree and 20 bushes. Overall, the Trudo Vertical Forest residential tower will reach a height of 75 metres and be able to host as many as 125 trees of various species on the whole of its four facades, to which about 5,200 shrubs and plants of smaller dimensions will be added.

The additional construction costs linked to the inclusion of plant organisms in the Eindhoven tower compared to those of a standard building are compensated in particular by the use of latest generation construction technologies, the rationalization of certain technical solutions for the façades and more generally, the optimization of resources related to the project and the construction of the building.

 The social value of the intervention must also be measured in terms of urban impact and, in a broader sense, the global scenario of cultural and symbolic values and visions linked to the architectural project. In actual fact the Trudo Vertical Forest will be able to generate a new green habitat within the Eindhoven metropolitan environment for the development of biodiversity, a genuine ecosystem driven by the presence of over 70 different plant species able to combat atmospheric pollution thanks to the capacity of trees to absorb over 50 tons of carbon dioxide every year. The combined human-tree, architecture-tree and city-tree interaction make the model first experimented with in Milan and today in Holland the expression of a new design paradigm in which vegetation and living nature must be considered constituent elements – and not just ornamental ones – of architectural language.

 For aspects related to the design of the organic component of the Trudo Vertical Forest, Stefano Boeri Architetti made use of technical advice provided by the Laura Gatti Studio directed by the agronomist Laura Gatti. This partnership had already borne fruit in the creation of the Milan Vertical Forest and other ongoing urban forestation projects and in this case the Gatti Studio also worked closely with the DuPré Groenprojecten studio in Helmond and the Van den Berk nursery in Sint-Oedenrode. The maintenance of the entire complex, including the plants, will be collective and managed directly by Sint Trudo.

Press release